Govt of India has been encouraging participation of State Governments in development of airport infrastructures. The New Bangalore Airport, New Hyderabad Airport and Cochin International Airport (CIAL) are examples of participation of State Govt. through joint venture. In the Domestic airport, State Governments normally hand over the required land for development of airport free of cost and free from all encumbrances as a token of State government participation. The examples are Vizag, Khajuraho, Amritsar, Pathankot, Dehradun, Lucknow, Varanasi airports where respective State Govts. have given land free of cost.